Metaphors │ Four Levels │ Summary │ English │ Sylvia Plath


Metaphors │ Sylvia Plath
- Sylvia Plath

Literal Comprehension:

The pregnant speaker feels like an unsolved mystery because she is confused about the gender of a baby. Her body is big and rounded like an elephant, a big ponderous house, or a melon. She considers the baby residing in her belly as precious as ivory and hopes for the good of the unborn baby.

The state of the poem then changes to doubt and darkness. She calls her baby a loaf that seems to be rising because of yeast. Likewise, she feels herself as a fat purse, with newly minted money inside as the baby, which will be the new to the world then born.

Then the environment of the poem shifts to extreme sadness and a lot of negative emotions. She feels that she is helpless like a pregnant cow because she is only a means. She has eaten green apples to satisfy her desire to eat something sour. The baby is inside but she doesn't know when it comes out.


This poem has a very negative meaning on average. It is very creative to compose a poem in nine lines as the period of pregnancy is also nine months. She might be trying to explain it is how difficult to sustain a period of pregnancy. Females can feel or compare their bodies to many identical objects when they are pregnant.

Similarly, she feels like she has eaten a bag of green apples, which mythically refers to the forbidden fruit and we can say that she is not ready to be pregnant and lose her freedom.

Critical Thinking:

I must say, the ability of Plath to describe the entire period of pregnancy using metaphors and limiting the poem to just nine lines is just an amazing work of art. But actually, I am not totally impressed.

I have some irregular issues with this poem:

  • A mythical meaning of green apple is sin in the "Book of Genesis". So, does she feels as giving birth to a baby is against god?

  • How any woman can curse her own self for being pregnant because it's a natural phenomenon created by a god?


Women are also a big part of literature and can render a great contribution. Now, I realized how difficult is it to give birth to a baby for them. I came to know that it actually takes nine months for a baby to born.

I also knew how helpless she feels because she cannot do anything about this inevitable thing. She feels like a means, who is used to satisfy somebody else's desire.

-- 𓐴𓐴𓐴 --

0/Post a Comment/Comments

Hey learners, here you go. Feel free to express any of your thoughts and messages!