- Collective bargaining: Negotiations between unions and employees about their member’s wages and working conditions
- A strike: A stoppage of work, as a protest against working conditions, low pay, and so on
- A go-slow or slowdown: A deliberate reduction in the rate of production, as a protest
- Working-to-rule: Deliberately obeying every regulation in an organization, which severely disrupts normal operations
- Industrial action: A general term for strikes, go-slows, work-to-rules, and so on
- To picket: To protest outside a factory or other workplace, and try to persuade workers and delivery drivers not to enter
- Manual workers: People who work with their hands
- Trade union: A union for workers with a particular type of job
- Consult: To ask someone’s opinion before making a decision
- Adversary: An opponent or enemy
- Uneconomic: Too expensive, wasteful, loss-making
- Tyranny: Unlimited and unfairly used power
- Deregulation: Ending or relaxing restrictive laws
- The public sector: Areas of the economy run by the local or national government
- Confrontational: Hostile, almost aggressive, seeking conflicts
- Conglomerate: A large corporation, made up of a group of companies
Completing the Sentences With Given Words
[ dynamic | employees | employers | partner | peace | represented | role | sensible | team-working | voice ]
- Unions are a necessary voice for the interests of workers.
- In countries like South Korea, or Poland, or South Africa, trade unions have played an enormous dynamic political and economic role.
- As long as employees have needs that need to be represented they’ll need trade unions.
- Team-working employers, that want effective social peace and want also a sensible and dynamic economy, should be encouraging trade unions.
- In some of the most successful economies, a strong trade union presence is recognized by employers and accepted as a partner by the government.
MacKenzie, I. (2002). English for Business Studies: A course for Business Studies and Economics students (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press.